Defensively install packages in R

Often, your R code will rely on having one or more R packages available. A little defensive coding will save users of your code—including future-you—from having to figure out which packages you’re using and then having to manually install them. This lowers the extraneous cognitive load associated with running older or unfamiliar code.

if (!"tidyverse" %in% installed.packages()) install.package("tidyverse")

Or, if you prefer to always use blocks with IF statements:

if (!"tidyverse" %in% installed.packages()) {

With a little persistence, you can extend this to dealing with multiple packages:

pkgs <- c("tidyverse", "openxlsx")
install.packages(pkgs[!pkgs %in% installed.packages()])

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