I’m ‘not in’ right now…

Checking whether an item is in a vector or not in a vector is a common task. The notation in R is a little inelegant when expressing the “not in” condition since the negation operator (!) is separated from the comparison operator (%in%):

5 %in% c(1, 2, 3, 4, 5)  # TRUE
!5 %in% c(1, 2, 3, 4, 5) # FALSE

R is a language where you can easily extend the set of built in operators:

`%!in%` <-
  function(needle, haystack) {
    !(needle %in% haystack)

Now, I can express my intentions reasonably clearly with my new, compact, infix operator %!in%:

5 %in% c(1, 2, 3, 4, 5)  # TRUE
5 %!in% c(1, 2, 3, 4, 5) # FALSE

Moral: bend your tools to your will, not the other way ’round.

3 thoughts on “I’m ‘not in’ right now…”

  1. An even quicker (and generally safer) implementation is to use the handy base::Negate function:
    `%!in%` <- Negate("%in%")

  2. You’re right, Roman, and another user pointed out the Negate() method as well. In almost all cases when coding, there will be multiple ways to get the same result, possibly with a few pros and cons to each.

    I tend to error on less compact, more expressive-to-a-novice, and less magical coding styles. It’s one of the failings of being a professor. 🙂

  3. I think, you have a very valid point here 🙂

    Maybe the Negate function is worth a follow-up post in this particular context, since its definition is also somewhat simple and possibly instructive also for novices, particularly regarding the “…” placeholder.

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